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1st Battalion

5th Cavalry Regiment

Unit History





Regimental Crest





The design of the regimental shield centers on a cross moline sable, on a chief embattled of the last a Maltese cross argent. The field is yellow for the Cavalry. The cross moline symbolizes the charge of this regiment on Longstreet's troops at Gaines Mill in 1862; a charge which saved the Union artillery and which is characterized by the regimental historian as "its most distinguished service". The cross moline is supposed to represent the iron pieces of a mill stone (moulin, the French word for mill). The chief is for the Puerto Rican Expedition of 1898. The original name of the island was San John, named for the knights of St. John who wore a white Maltese cross on a black habit. The partition line is embattled to suggest the castle on the Spanish arms. The crest is for the Indian campaigns of the regiment, the number of arrows corresponds with the numerical designation of the organization. The design of the regimental badge is the shield, crest and motto (Loyalty and Courage) of the coat of arms. The sample of the badge was approved 03 November 1966.


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